The mysteries of the Rosary: part 1

Looking at the mysteries of the Rosary closely, you would observe that they are more of Jesus than Mary. Though I have no problem even if they are more of Mary because she deserves all the honour, that is why we Catholics honour her with all sense of pride.

The Holy Rosary is a form of devotional prayer in the Catholic Church in which we reflect on twenty mysteries in the history of our salvation. The Holy Rosary is specially associated with the Blessed Virgin Mary and we owe no one apology for that; however, I wish to let you know that the Holy Rosary is a form of prayer that goes far beyond the Blessed Virgin Mary to reflect  more of God. When you understand the greatness, the power and the beauty of the Holy Rosary, you will never want to miss it even for a day. It is my intention here to lead you into this understanding with the help of the Holy Spirit.

The Twenty mysteries reflected upon in the Holy Rosary are divided into the five JOYFUL MYSTERIES, the five MYSTERIES OF LIGHT, the five SORROWFUL MYSTERIES and the five GLORIOUS MYSTERIES. These mysteries sumarises the history of our salvation, and this history cannot be completed without mentioning the Blessed virgin Mary. I will now take these four divisions and explain them one after the other.

The five joyful mysteries are: The Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity, the Presentation and the finding of the child in the Temple.

(1) Annunciation: This is the beginning of the fulfilment of what God said in Genesis 3:15 when he cursed the serpent; “I will put enmity between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his  heel”.  From the very beginning of the fall of man, God planed his salvation. He was going to raise a Son of a woman who will bruised the head of the serpent. The prophets of old talked about this woman; …”behold, a young woman shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call his name Immanuel…” (Is. 7:14f). When it was time for the long awaited child to be born; the Child that would crush the head of the serpent, God sent the Angel Gabriel to a City of Galilee named Nazareth. The Angel was sent to a young virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of he house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.


The Angel came with a message from God the Almighty Father for this young virgin, and the message was; “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a Son, and you shall call his name Jesus” (Lk.1:30). The Angel announced the conception of the savior of the world. The Message was from the Father who loves the world so much to send his Son (Jn. 3:16). The conception of this Child was to take place by the power of the Holy Spirit, which means therefore that the Annunciation, the first of the five joyful mysteries of the Rosary is more of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, before Mary. In this mystery, we meditate on the love of the Father, the humility of the Son and the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit. We also rejoice with Mary for been so highly favored by God, we honour her because God first honored her and we ask for her intercessions. We ask her to pray for us before her Son Jesus who is the way, the truth and the life. Like her, let us simply surrender to the word of God; “I am your handmaid, let it be done to me according to your word”.

(2) Visitation: The second joyful mystery is the visitation. Mary, after listening to the Angel and also been informed that her kinswoman Elizabeth in her old age has conceived, and was even in her sixth Month; “Mary arose and went with hast into the hill country, to a City of Judah, and she  entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit….” (Lk.1:39-41).


Mary’s visit brought the Holy Spirit into the house of Zechariah even before the Pentecost. So, in this mystery of the visitation, we recall that beautiful moment; how Mary visited her kinswoman and brought joy to their home. Mary, with the help of God was able to bring the Holy Spirit into the life and home of Zechariah. We call on her to intercede for us before her Son Jesus Christ and to also visit us and fill us with the same Spirit. God allowed it in the life of Elizabeth and he also allows it in our lives.

(3) Nativity : The nativity is the third of the joyful mysteries, it refers to the accounts of the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ. The nativity is primarily based on the gospel accounts of Mathew (Mt. 1:18-25) and Luke (Lk. 2:1-21). Jesus humbled himself to be born of a woman. Here, we pray in appreciation of the love of God, the humility of Jesus and the grace to allow him to be born again in our lives. Mary’s role in bringing Jesus into the world is worth noting here also, her “yes” to the Lord, the Nine Months of pregnancy and the pains of childbirth.

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We meditate on these and ask for her intercessions; as Jesus himself said that anyone who listens to the word of God and keep it, is his mother. We pray for the grace to carry Jesus not necessary in our womb but in our hearts, and to give birth to him in our daily actions.

(4) Presentation : This is the Fourth of the joyful mysteries; it is all about the fulfilment of the command of God to dedicate every first male born to him. It is written that when the time came for their purification according to the law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord (as it written in the law of the Lord, Every male Child that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord) and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, “a pair of turtledoves, or two young piggeons.” (Lk. 2:21-24).


The presentation of Jesus to God in the Temple is an acknowledgment of the greatness of God. We meditate here therefore, on the dedication of Jesus himself as an example for us to follow. The obedience of Mary and Joseph to the word of God and pray for the courage also to dedicate ourselves to God.

(5) Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple : When Jesus was Twelve years old, his parents took him to Jerusalem for the feast of the passover. At the end of the ceremony, the boy Jesus stayed back in Jerusalem unknown to his parents. When the parents discovered that the boy was missing, they sought for him among their friends and relations without finding him. They had to return to Jerusalem only to find him in the Temple listening to Rabinic teachings and asking questions (Lk. 2:41-51).


Here we imagin how Mary and Joseph felt, looking for their only Child for three days and the joy of finding him. The absence of God in our lives can creat the pains and agony such as Mary and Joseph experienced; so also, finding Christ in our lives can also bring the joy they experienced when they found him.

Rev. Fr. Joel Okojie OSA

Joel Okojie is an ordained Catholic Priest in the Order of St. Augustine. He has been a Priest for over a decade. He served as pastor in two different parishes, he was one time Novice Master and a member of the Provincial Council of the province of St. Augustine of Nigeria, and he is currently on a mission in response to the needs of the Church in Canada.

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